Neonatology

The Neonatology Division maintains the 52-bed Drs. Rouben and Violet Jiji Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and offers comprehensive evaluation and treatment for all critically ill neonates, including extremely low birth-weight infants and those with surgical, genetic and cardiac conditions. Specialists are available 24 hours a day.

A specialized neonatal transport team, based at the University of Maryland Medical Center, provides ambulance and helicopter transportation for critically ill infants throughout the state.


Patient Conditions

Comprehensive Evaluations

  • Prenatal consultation with parents with high-risk pregnancies
  • Lactation support for breastfeeding mothers of hospitalized infants
  • Physical and occupational therapy for hospitalized neonates
  • Nutrition consultation on patients receiving parenteral nutrition

Specialized Treatments

  • High-frequency oscillation ventilation
  • Neonatal synchronized ventilator respiratory support
  • Nitric oxide therapy
  • Laser and cryotherapy for retinopathy
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Continuous EEG monitoring

Research Activities

  • Inflammatory mediators in chronic lung disease
  • Role of Ureaplasma urealyticum in lung injury
  • Pathophysiology of Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Mechanisms of brain injury in the pre-term and term infant

Special Programs

  • NICU Follow-Up Program coordinates neurodevelopmental screening from birth through age 3 and provides multidisciplinary support (nutrition, speech and language, social work, physical therapy, occupational therapy, etc.) for graduates of the NICU and on children from other NICUs; the team also provides consultation on unresolved medical problems following discharge.
  • Lactation consultation service for all breast-feeding mothers
  • Kangaroo Care